RE: 19. Rubeola Virus (Measles)
This article talks about how measles caused by the Rubeola virus became an epidemic in Samoa, a small island located between Hawaii and New Zealand in the Pacific Ocean. In July, one person who showed red-brown blotchy rash was found who has returned from New Zealand. This person was suspected to have been infected with the Rubeola virus but it was neglected by the authorities. Later by the end of September, about 716 infected people were found whereby the end of December, the total number of infected people was raised to 5667. After the authorities saw a dramatic increase of the infected people, they decided to close the businesses, stores, schools, and offices and the residents stayed in the houses until the epidemic reduces its intensity with time. There were red flags shown in front of the houses with people who have not obtained the vaccine for the Rubeola virus so the doctors can identify them and give vaccines. After the epidemic, the infected people were diagnosed to have a condition known as immune amnesia where the body has lost all the information recorded by the immune system about past infections so that the body is supposed to learn defense against bacteria, viruses, or other foreign materials from the start.
The Rubeola virus is classified as a Morbillivirus. It causes a highly contagious disease commonly known as Measles. The virus affects the respiratory system of the body and lives in the nose and/or throat. It spreads through airborne droplets (from a cough or sneeze) from an infected (Arakelyan & Hayk, 2020). Measles usually lasts for 10-14 days but due to its highly infectious nature, it can make a large number of healthy people infected, therefore, the incidence rate is very high. Humans are the only natural reservoirs for the rubeola virus. Laboratory testing options include serum testing for antibodies, viral culture, and PCR (Moss & William, 2017).
Arakelyan, Hayk. (2020). Measles ( Rubeola) Virus.
Moss, William. (2017). Measles. The Lancet. 390. 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31463-0.
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