Women Health Case Study

Reply to the following discussion by challenging the post. You will want to focus on their point of view, asking pertinent questions, adding to the responses by including information from other sources, and respectfully challenging a point of view, supported by references to other sources. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language.  

It is important to support what you say with relevant citations in the APA format from both the course materials and outside resources. 

YS Discussion:

 

Week 7 Discussion

PICOT Question

For the adults who suffer from hypertension in the United States (P), will the change of lifestyle (engaging in regular physical exercises and eating healthier and balanced meals) (I), compared to patients who use medication to treat their hypertension(C), help regulate their blood pressure more effectively (O), in a period 12 months (T)?

The Problem

Hypertension has been one of the main health issues of concern in the United States and across the world. It is imperative to note that as of April 2020, almost half of adults in the United States were suffering from hypertension. According to Ostchega et al. (2020), 47%, which is equivalent to 116 million, of all the adults in the United States have hypertension.

Another notable point is that only 1 in every 4 people suffering from hypertension had their conditions under control. Hypertension is one of the leading causes of death. In the year 2019, more than 500,000 deaths, which occurred in the United States, were associated with hypertension (Briggs et al., 2021). In some cases, hypertension was the primary cause while in others; it was the secondary cause of death.

When it comes to costs associated with the condition, Ostchega et al. (2020) noted that between the years 2003 and 2014, the average amount of money used to address the problem was $131 billion every year. This indicates that large sums of funds are used to ensure that people who are suffering from hypertension are treated.

From the research that has been conducted in the past, one of the main causes of hypertension is the changing lifestyle, which is associated with taking unhealthy food and lack of physical exercise. According to Mahmood et al. (2019), most people change their lifestyles due to the nature of their work. For example, one may be required to board a bus to his or her place of work. In some cases, he or she will leave too late and exhausted. This will make him or her desire to rest early when he or she gets home.

In most cases, advancements made in technology have also ensured that people buy canned, processed, fast, and fried foods which are readily available and accessible (Mahmood et al., 2019). This has played a critical role in leading to increased cases of hypertension among the populations. In some cases, as indicated by Ostchega et al. (2020), there are inherited hypertension.

However, it is important to note that hypertension can be managed and controlled through taking healthy diets and conducting different physical exercises (Mahmood et al., 2019).

In this case, the DASH diet and conducting physical exercises will play a critical role in ensuring that patients who suffer from hypertension are able to achieve positive health outcomes (Mahmood et al., 2019). Patients will be required to ensure that they eat healthy foods and carry out different physical exercises, which will be provided by the medical practitioners.

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