Research, Liberty University
I have no known conflict of interest to disclose.
Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Nikita Chapman
PICO QUESTIONS 2
Introduction & Background
The selected topic is mammography which is related to breast cancer treatment.
Mammography refers to the process of utilizing low-energy X-rays to assist in examining the
human breast. The main goal for using mammograms is to help in the early detection of
breast cancers by noticing any masses or malfunctions of the breast. Women who are about
the age of 40 to 44 years have the choice to take an annual mammogram to monitor their
breasts, while for the women that are between 45 to 50 years, it is advised that they have an
annual mammogram and later switch to a mammogram after every two years at ages 55 and
older (Rodríguez-Ruiz et al., 2019, p. 310).
Breast cancer is a subject of concern because there have been increasing cases of breast
cancer which have pushed for more awareness creation on the subject (Rodríguez-Ruiz et al.,
2019, p. 312). The PICO question focuses on women between the ages of 40 to 44 years who
go for regular mammograms. Mammography is used in determining the abnormalities in the
breast area, but it cannot precisely detect breast cancer (Yala et al., 2019, p. 62). It is an
analysis used to determine whether a patient needs further analysis to determine whether
abnormalities and the availability of masses were due to cancer.
Significance of the problem