# How much more information should Rob have before he begins to make calculations? Make a list: which alternative do you believe would be best? Give your reasons.

Assignment Exercise 22-1 Financial Statement Capital Structures Required: Find the three different financial statements that have varying capital structures. Write paragraph about each that explains the debt-equity relationship and that computes the percent of debt and the percent of equity represented. Also note whether the percent of annual interest on debts is revealed in the notes to the financial statements. If so, you believe the interest rate is fair and equitable? Why? Assignment Exercise 23-1: Cost of Owing and cost of Leasing Cost of owing and cost of leasing tables reproduced below: Required: Using the appropriate table from the Chapter 12 Appendices, record the present value factor at 10% for each year and compute the present value cost of owing and the present value of leasing. Which alternative is more desirable at this interest rate? Do you think your answer would change if the interest rate was six percent instead of ten percent? Cost of owing: Anywhere clinic-comparative present value For-profit cost of owning: year0 year1 year2 year3 year4 year5 (48,750) 2, 500 2,500 2,500 2,500 2,500 Net Cash Flow Present value factor Present Value answers= Present value cost of owing= Cost of Leasing: Anywhere Clinic- comparative Present Value Line For-Profit Cost

1. of Leasing year 0 year 1 year 2 year 3 year 4 year 5 19. net cas flow (8,250) (8,250) (8,250) ( 8,250) (8,250) – 20. Present value factor 21. Present value answers= 22. Present value cost of leasing= Assignment Exercise 23-2 Great Docs, a three-physician practice with two office sites, is considering whether to buy or lease a new computer system. Currently they own a low-tech (and low-cost) information system. The new system will have to meet all government specifications for an electronic health record system and will also have to connect the two office sites. It will be considerably more sophisticated than the current hardware and software and thus will require training for office staff, clinical staff, and the physicians. Everyone agrees there will be learning curve in order to reach the system’s full potential. Doctor Smith, the majority owner of the practice, wants to buy a medical records system from Sam’s Club. He argues that the package is supposed to electronically prescribe, track billings, set appointments, and keep records, so it should meet their needs. The cost of the first installed system is supposed to be \$25,000, plus \$10,000 for each additional system. The doctors are not sure if this means \$25,000 for one office site plus \$10,000 for the (connected) second office site for a total of 35,000, or if this means \$25,000 for the first installed system plus \$10,000 each for three more doctors, for a total of \$55,000. There is also supposed to be \$4,000 to \$5,000 in maintenance costs each year as part of the purchased package. Doctor Smith proposes to pay twenty percent down and obtain a five-year installment loan from the local bank for the remaining eighty percent at an interest rate of eight percent. Doctor Jones, the youngest of the three physicians, has been recently added to the practice. A computer nerd, he wants to lease a complete system from the small company his college roommate began last year. While he has received a quote of \$20,000 for the entire system including first year maintenance, it does not meet the government requirements for an electronic health record system. Consequently, the other two doctors have outvoted Doctor Jones and his system will not be seriously considered. Doctor Brown, the usual peace-maker between Doctor Smith and Doctor Jones, wants to lease a system. He argues that leasing will place the responsibility for upgrades and maintenance upon the lessor company, and that removing the responsibilities of ownership is advantageous. He has received a quote of \$20,000 per year for a five-year lease that includes hardware and software for both offices, that meets the government requirements for an electronic health record system, and that includes training, maintenance, and upgrades. Required: Summarize the cost of the practice of owning a system (per Doctor Smith) versus leasing (per Doctor Brown). Include a computation of comparative present value. (Refer to assignment 23-1 for setting up a comparative present value table.)

Assignment exercise 23-3 Metropolis Health system has to do something about their ambulance situation. They have to (a) buy a new ambulance; (b) lease a new one; or (c) renovate existing ambulances that MHS already owns. Rob Lackey, the Assistant controller, has been asked to gather pertinent information in order to make a decision. So far Rob has found these facts: 1. It will cost at least \$250,000 to purchase a new ambulance, although the cost varies widely depending upon the quantity and sophistication of the emergency equipment contained on the vehicle. 2. In order to renovate the existing vehicle, it will cost at least 100,000 purchase and install a new “box.” (in other words, a new emergency-equipped body is installed on the existing chassis.) Rob has found this existing ambulance has an odometer reading of 80,000 miles. The vehicle will also need a new fuel pump and new tires, but he believes these items would be recorded as repair and maintenance operating expenses and thus would not be included in his calculations. 3. Lease terms for ambulances also vary widely, but for Rob believes a cost of \$60,000 per year is a ball-park figure.

Required: How much more information should Rob have before he begins to make calculations? Make a list: which alternative do you believe would be best? Give your reasons.