history of human resources for health
HEALTHCARE WORKFORCE PLANNING
Thomas C. Ricketts, III, Ph.D. Learning Objectives
After completing this chapter, the reader should be able to
• trace the history of human resources for health and workforce planning; • learn why and when workforce planning is undertaken; • briefly describe the five major methods used in workforce planning; • understand the key concepts of benchmarking, adjusted needs, and
demand as they apply to workforce planning; • develop a simple estimate of the future supply of a profession for a
population; and • interpret the results of workforce planning reports as they relate to
individual healthcare organizations and delivery systems.
Most of this book views human resources management (HRM) from the per- spective of the healthcare organization. Chapters focus on such topics as job design, recruitment and retention, and evaluation of individual performance. However, organizations are also affected by the larger external environment in which they are situated. In HRM, broad workforce policy and labor mar- ket factors, which are external aspects, affect an organization’s ability to attract and retain employees. An organization may have a theoretically sound recruit- ment program for nurses, but if sufficient numbers of nurses are not being trained in the national healthcare system, the program will likely prove unsuccessful.
This chapter’s focus is unique among the chapters in this book in that it addresses workforce planning for communities, regions, states, countries, and other jurisdictions. It devotes attention to the healthcare workforce needs throughout society rather than the needs of a particular organization.
Fried_CH02.qxd 6/11/08 4:08 PM Page 27
C o p y r i g h t 2 0 0 8 . H e a l t h A d m i n i s t r a t i o n P r e s s .
A l l r i g h t s r e s e r v e d . M a y n o t b e r e p r o d u c e d i n a n y f o r m w i t h o u t p e r m i s s i o n f r o m t h e p u b l i s h e r , e x c e p t f a i r u s e s p e r m i t t e d u n d e r U . S . o r a p p l i c a b l e c o p y r i g h t l a w .
EBSCO Publishing : eBook Academic Collection (EBSCOhost) – printed on 2/1/2022 4:14 PM via WESTERN KENTUCKY UNIVERSITY AN: 237620 ; Fottler, Myron D., Fried, Bruce.; Human Resources in Healthcare : Managing for Success Account: s8993066.main.ehost
Human resources for health (HRH) workforce planning deals with questions, including the following:
• How do we determine the number of surgeons needed in a particular geographic area?
• What factors help us to best anticipate future supply and need for various types of healthcare workers?