A eukaryotic cell has organelles that compartmentalize cellular functions. (Incidentally, bacteria do not have organelles.) What is the primary compartment which distinguishes between the two main types of cells? What is the advantage of separating the many cellular functions?

All living organisms have both DNA and RNA. A virus has either DNA or RNA but not both. So what does that tell us about viruses?

2. Compare and contrast the Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells.

3. A eukaryotic cell has organelles that compartmentalize cellular functions. (Incidentally, bacteria do not have organelles.) What is the primary compartment which distinguishes between the two main types of cells? What is the advantage of separating the many cellular functions?

4. How is photosynthesis different from respiration?

5. How do plants and animals differ in generating and storing energy? (How is energy generated in each? How is energy stored in each?)

6. What does the first law of thermodynamics tell us about perpetual motion?

7. How does an enzyme increase the rate of a chemical reaction?

8. Some bacteria acquire energy from sunlight. Would you expect these bacteria to have chlorophyll? Explain

9. What is special about ATP? How does a cell release energy from ATP? Provide a non-biological analogy to describe the process.

10. Discuss the roles of mitosis and meiosis in animal and plant growth. How do these two processes differ from one another?

11. Discuss the role of the cell cycle in a normal cell versus a cancer cell. Describe the role of the cell cycle in normal cell versus a cancer cell.

12. Compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.

13. What advantage does sexual reproduction (meiosis) confer upon a species?

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